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Expert(s) for : culture
de la Sablonnière, Roxane
- Social changes and adaptation
- Social identity
- Relative deprivation
- Intercultural psychology
- Social psychology
Health psychology: Cancer, quality of life and mental health - Consequences on patients and their families of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments: psychiatric symptoms, marital relations, sexual dysfunctions, social support network, body image, communication, defence mechanisms, etc. Epidemiological study of Quebeckers' mental health: rate of psychiatric disorders in various ethnic groups, by gender, ethnicity, impact of immigration, length of stay, etc.
Intercultural psychology: adaptation of immigrants and ethnic groups from different countries (Haiti, Morocco, Lebanon, Italy, etc.) or of different religions (Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim). Adaptation in psychological, social, professional, psychiatric, family and other terms. Comparative analysis of means of acculturation, family structures, identity processes, discrimination, endogamous and exogamous marriages, etc.
My research interests have to do mainly with human sexuality. First of all, as the Director of the Université de Montréal Centre for study and research into sexual delinquency, I work on refining assessments and treatment strategies for adult sexual abusers. In addition, I work on validating assessment strategies for teenage sexual abusers.
Along the same lines, I am interested in the psychologist's role as an expert court witness in sexual abuse cases. With regard to sexual dysfunctions, I am mainly interested in methods of assessing sexual problems in women.
I also study the impact of shift work and the different types of related psychological factors.
- Analytical psychotherapy
- Psychic temporality
- The unconscious, culture and society
The psychic apparatus from the point of view of temporality: the "topographic" and "structural" models of the psychic apparatus proposed successively by Freud are both based on spatial metaphors that the inventor of psychoanalysis always took care to describe as "fictions" with a heuristic value but no specific neuro-anatomical correspondence. Freud advocated a view of brain function that today we would term "distributed" rather than "localizationist," in which he saw the physiological basis of psychic life. Spatial metaphors have their limitations, however, given their poor ability to depict psychic phenomena difficult to represent in figurative terms (repetition automatism, extrarepresentational behaviours, etc.), for example. In the two Freudian models, the boundaries between psychic locations always appeared more vague when it came to specifying the "localization" of even routine psychic activities: hence, where are fantasies, ideals, beliefs and dreams located and what exactly does "located" mean? The very theory of repression has suffered from a spatial reference that cannot be found anywhere, whereas in a less naïve version it can be seen as a loss of reference to autobiographical time, by means of an as-yet unexplained mechanism. Consequently, it seems to us that it is advisable, even necessary, to re-examine psychic life through the temporal - effective - dimension rather than through the spatialization - metaphorical - of mental events.
In his time, Freud already noted that a distinction between psychic activities depending on their relationship to time was in itself sufficient to explain the conscious/unconscious divide. However, he never pushed this intuition so far as to develop a temporal model of the psyche, despite the many indications given here and there in his work. My goal is to try to formulate a conception of the psychic function essentially from the angle of the dimension of time, constantly verifying the practical and heuristic benefits of this concept in the clinical experience of psychoanalysis, in the understanding of psychopathology and in relation to current developments in the field of neuroscience and the philosophy of the mind.